Ankle Sprains: Causes and Treatments

Ankle Sprain Treatment

An ankle sprain is a common injury that occurs when the ligaments supporting the ankle bones become overly stretched or torn. This happens when a sudden rolling or twisting motion of the foot causes the joint to be displaced – usually a result of a fall or a sports injury.

Depending on the severity of the ankle cartilage injury, the ankle sprain treatment will vary. For mild sprains, sufficient rest and at-home care may suffice. However, ankle sprains are best assessed by a medical professional to ensure that appropriate treatment is given and no underlying injuries are left undetected.

Causes of Ankle Sprains

Ankle sprains can happen to anyone, and commonly result from activities such as:

  • Walking or stepping on an uneven surface
  • Falling on the ankle
  • Landing awkwardly after jumping
  • Suddenly turning or pivoting
  • Another person stepping on one’s foot while one is running
  • Wearing inappropriate footwear

In all cases of ankle sprains, particularly one where the pain and swelling seems persistent, medical attention by an ankle specialist in Singapore should be sought. Delaying sprained ankle treatment for moderate to serious sprains may result in complications and worsening discomfort. Over time, this may cause recurring sprains and injuries, ankle joint instability, chronic tendon inflammation, cartilage damage and even irreversible joint arthritis.

Treatment for Ankle Sprains

Apart from a physical examination, the ankle specialist in Singapore will arrange for imaging tests such as an X-ray, CT scan or MRI to determine the details and extent of the injury.

Treatment for ankle sprains will depend on the severity of the injury, and will always start from the most conservative option possible first. Options include:

Self-Care Remedies

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For mild cases, home treatments are recommended to facilitate the sprain’s natural healing. The most common way to address sprains at home is through the RICE method:

  • Rest
    – To prevent worsening the sprain, it is best to rest the ankle by avoiding physically strenuous activities and protecting the area using a brace or splint.
  • Ice
    – Applying an ice pack or cold compress on the ankle for 15 to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours helps reduce redness and swelling.
  • Compression
    – Wrapping the ankle with an elastic bandage or wearing compression sleeves can help reduce swelling and promote better blood flow for healing.
  • Elevation
    – Elevating the ankle above the level of the heart can also reduce swelling and drain excess fluid.

Medications, Physiotherapy and Mobility Aids

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Ankle Surgery

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Our experienced ankle specialist in Singapore is skilled in treating all degrees of ankle sprains effectively. Seek ankle sprain treatment promptly to regain your mobility as soon as possible.

For more information, please call 9898 7781 or click here to send us an email

Our Orthopaedic Specialist
Orthopeadic Surgeon - Dr Kevin Koo
Dr Kevin Koo Oon Thien
Director and Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
MBBS (S’pore), DFD (CAW),
MRCS (Edin), MMed (Ortho),
FRCSEd (Orth), FAMS
Dr Kevin Koo is a fellowship-trained Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon and previous Director of Foot and Ankle Service at the Singapore General Hospital with more than 15 years of experience.
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Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre,
3 Mount Elizabeth, #14-15,
Singapore 228510
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